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  Navassa Island  
Flag of Navassa Island
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  Geography
  People
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  Military
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In general, information available as of 1 January, 2004
was used in the preparation of The World Factbook 2004.


This page was last updated on 30 November, 2004


Map of Navassa Island

Legend: DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Navassa Island
Background:
Definition Field Listing
This uninhabited island was claimed by the US in 1857 for its guano. Mining took place between 1865 and 1898. The lighthouse, built in 1917, was shut down in 1996 and administration of Navassa Island transferred from the Coast Guard to the Department of the Interior. A 1998 scientific expedition to the island described it as a unique preserve of Caribbean biodiversity; the following year it became a National Wildlife Refuge.
   Geography    Navassa Island
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, about one-fourth of the way from Haiti to Jamaica
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
18 25 N, 75 02 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Central America and the Caribbean
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 5.2 sq km
land: 5.2 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
about nine times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
8 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
marine, tropical
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
raised coral and limestone plateau, flat to undulating; ringed by vertical white cliffs (9 to 15 m high)
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: unnamed location on southwest side 77 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
guano
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2001)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
strategic location 160 km south of the US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; mostly exposed rock but with enough grassland to support goat herds; dense stands of fig-like trees, scattered cactus
   People    Navassa Island
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
uninhabited
note: transient Haitian fishermen and others camp on the island (July 2004 est.)
   Government    Navassa Island
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Navassa Island
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
unincorporated territory of the US; administered from Washington, DC, by the Fish and Wildlife Service, US Department of the Interior; in September 1996, the Coast Guard ceased operations and maintenance of Navassa Island Light, a 46-meter-tall lighthouse on the southern side of the island; there has also been a private claim advanced against the island
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
the flag of the US is used
   Economy    Navassa Island
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
no economic activity

   Transportation    Navassa Island
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
none; offshore anchorage only
   Military    Navassa Island
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
defense is the responsibility of the US
   Transnational Issues    Navassa Island
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
claimed by Haiti

This page was last updated on 30 November, 2004


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