Google
 

Top banner
The World Factbook 2004 Banner

  Field Listing - Refugees and internally displaced persons


Country
Refugees and internally displaced persons
Afghanistan IDPs: 167,000 - 200,000 (mostly Pashtuns and Kuchis displaced in south and west due to drought and instability) (2004)
Algeria refugees: 165,000 (Western Sahara)
IDPs: 100,000 - 200,000 (conflict between government forces, Islamic insurgents) (2004)
Angola IDPs: 40,000 - 60,000 (27-year civil war ending in 2002; 4 million IDPs already have returned) (2004)
Armenia refugees: 236,306 (Azerbaijan)
IDPs: 50,000 (conflict with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh) (2004)
Azerbaijan IDPs: 571,000 (conflict with Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh) (2004)
Bangladesh IDPs: 61,000 (land conflicts, religious persecution) (2004)
Bosnia and Herzegovina IDPs: 327,200 (Bosnian Croats, Serbs, and Muslims displaced in 1992-1995 war) (2004)
Burma IDPs: 600,000 - 1,000,000 (government offensives against ethnic insurgent groups near borders; most IDPs are ethnic Karen, Karenni, Shan, and Mon) (2004)
Burundi refugees: 60,288 (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
IDPs: 140,000 (armed conflict between government and rebels; most IDPs in northern and western Burundi) (2004)
Cameroon refugees: 39,261 (Chad), 16,983 (Nigeria), 9,634 (Cote d'Ivoire) (2004)
Central African Republic refugees: 36,479 (Sudan), 1,864 (Chad), 6,484 (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
IDPs: 200,000 (unrest following coup in 2003) (2004)
Chad refugees: 200,000 (Sudan), 30,000 (Central African Republic) (2004)
China refugees: 299,287 (Vietnam) (2004)
Colombia IDPs: 2,730,000 - 3,100,000 (conflict between government and FARC; drug wars) (2004)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the refugees: 45,060 (Sudan), 123,714 (Angola), 19,552 (Burundi), 6,626 (Republic of Congo), 19,743 (Rwanda), 18,953 (Uganda)
IDPs: 2.33 million (fighting between government forces and rebels since mid-1990s; most IDPs are in eastern provinces) (2004)
Congo, Republic of the IDPs: 60,000 (multiple civil wars since 1992; most IDPs are ethnic Lari) (2004)
Cote d'Ivoire refugees: 71,711 (Liberia)
IDPs: 500,000 (2002 coup; most IDPs are in western regions) (2004)
Croatia IDPs: 12,600 (Croats and Serbs displaced in 1992-1995 war) (2004)
Cyprus IDPs: 265,000 (both Turkish and Greek Cypriots; many displaced for almost 30 years) (2004)
Djibouti refugees: 25,474 (Somalia) (2004)
Egypt refugees: 70,215 (Palestinian Territories) (2004)
Eritrea IDPs: 59,000 (border war with Ethiopia from 1998-2000; most IDPs are near the central border region) (2004)
Ethiopia refugees: 93,032 (Sudan), 23,578 (Somalia)
IDPs: 132,000 (border war with Eritrea from 1998-2000 and ethnic clashes in Gambela; most IDPs are in Tigray and Gambela Provinces) (2004)
Gaza Strip refugees: 922,674 (Palestinian Refugees (UNRWA)) (2004)
Georgia IDPs: 260,000 (displaced from Abkhazia and South Ossetia) (2004)
Ghana refugees: 42,466 (Liberia) (2004)
Guatemala IDPs: 250,000 (government's scorched-earth offensive in 1980s against indigenous people) (2004)
Guinea refugees: 133,175 (Liberia), 13,633 (Sierra Leone), 7,064 (Cote d'Ivoire)
IDPs: 100,000 (cross-border incursions from Liberia, Sierra Leone, Cote d'Ivoire) (2004)
India refugees: 92,394 (China), 60,922 (Sri Lanka)
IDPs: 650,000 (Jammu and Kashmir conflicts; most IDPs are Kashmiri Hindus) (2004)
Indonesia IDPs: 535,000 (government offensives against rebels in Aceh; most IDPs in Aceh, Central Kalimantan, Maluku, and Central Sulawesi Provinces) (2004)
Iran refugees: 1,223,823 (Afghanistan), 124,014 (Iraq) (2004)
Iraq refugees: 150,000 (Palestinian Territories)
IDPs: 1,340,280 (ongoing US-led war and Kurds' subsequent return) (2004)
Israel IDPs: 276,000 (Arab villagers displaced from homes in northern Israel) (2004)
Jordan refugees: 1,740,170 (Palestinian Refugees (UNRWA))
IDPs: 800,000 (1967 Arab-Israeli War) (2004)
Kenya refugees: 154,272 (Somalia), 11,139 (Ethiopia), 63,197 (Sudan)
IDPs: 350,000 (KANU attacks on opposition tribal groups in 1990s) (2004)
Korea, North IDPs: 50,000-250,000 (government repression and famine) (2004)
Lebanon refugees: 394,532 (Palestinian Refugees (UNRWA))
IDPs: 300,000 (1975-1990 civil war, Israeli invasions) (2004)
Liberia refugees: 13,941 (Sierra Leone), 38,325 (Cote d'Ivoire)
IDPs: 500,000 (civil war from 1990-2004; IDP resettlement began in November 2004) (2004)
Macedonia IDPs: 2,678 (ethnic conflict in 2001; most IDPs have returned) (2004)
Mexico IDPs: 12,000 (government's quashing of Zapatero uprising in 1994 in eastern Chiapas Region) (2004)
Moldova IDPs: 1,000 (internal secessionist uprising in Transdniestrian region in 1991) (2004)
Nepal refugees: 104,235 (Bhutan)
IDPs: 100,000-200,000 (ongoing conflict between government forces and Maoist rebels; displacement spread across the country) (2004)
Nigeria IDPs: 250,000 (communal violence between Christians and Muslims since President Obasanjo's election in 1999) (2004)
Pakistan refugees: 1,064,230 (Afghanistan)
IDPs: undetermined (government strikes on Islamic militants in South Waziristan) (2004)
Peru IDPs: 60,000 (civil war from 1980-2000; most IDPs are indigenous peasants in Andean and Amazonian regions) (2004)
Philippines IDPs: 150,000 (fighting between government troops and MILF and Abu Sayyaf groups) (2004)
Russia IDPs: 368,000 (displacement from Chechnya and North Ossetia) (2004)
Rwanda refugees: 37,691 (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
IDPs: 4,158 (incursions by Hutu rebels from Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1997-1999; most IDPs in Northwest) (2004)
Saudi Arabia refugees: 240,000 (Palestinian Territories) (2004)
Senegal IDPs: 17,000 (clashes between government troops and separatists in Casamance region) (2004)
Serbia and Montenegro refugees: 99,170 (Bosnia), 188,656 (Croatia)
IDPs: 225,000 (mostly ethnic Serbs and Roma who fled Kosovo in 1999) (2004)
Sierra Leone refugees: 67,000 (Liberia) (2004)
Somalia IDPs: 375,000 (civil war since 1988, clan-based competition for resources) (2004)
Sri Lanka IDPs: 362,000 (both Tamils and non-Tamils displaced due to Tamil conflict) (2004)
Sudan refugees: 108,251 (Eritrea), 5,023 (Chad), 7,983 (Uganda)
IDPs: 4.367 million (internal conflict since 1980s; ongoing genocide) (2004)
Syria refugees: 413,827 (Palestinian Refugees (UNRWA))
IDPs: 170,000 (most displaced from Golan Heights during 1967 Arab-Israeli War) (2004)
Tanzania refugees: 447,877 (Burundi), 153,155 (Democratic Republic of the Congo), 3,036 (Somalia) (2004)
Thailand refugees: 118,407 (Burma) (2004)
Turkey IDPs: 350,000-1,000,000 (fighting from 1984-1999 between Kurdish PKK and Turkish military; most IDPs in southeastern provinces) (2004)
Uganda refugees: 184,731 (Sudan), 18,000 (Rwanda)
IDPs: 1.4 million (ongoing LRA rebellion, mainly in the North; LRA frequently attacks IDP camps) (2004)
Uzbekistan IDPs: 3,000 (forced population transfers by government from villages near Tajikistan border) (2004)
West Bank refugees: 665,246 (Palestinian Refugees (UNRWA)) (2004)
Yemen refugees: 60,901 (Somalia) (2004)
Zambia refugees: 158,894 (Angola), 58,405 (Democratic Republic of the Congo), 5,767 (Rwanda) (2004)
Zimbabwe IDPs: 100,000-150,000 (Mugabe-led political violence, human rights violations, land reform, and economic collapse) (2004)

This page was last updated on 30 November, 2004


Bottom Banner
 

TheWorldFactbook