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  Field Listing - Labor force


Country
Labor force
Afghanistan 11.8 million (2001 est.)
Albania 1.35 million (not including 352,000 emigrant workers) (2003 est.)
Algeria 9.6 million (2004 est.)
American Samoa 14,000 (1996)
Andorra 33,000 (2001 est.)
Angola 5.57 million (2004 est.)
Anguilla 6,049 (2001)
Antigua and Barbuda 30,000
Argentina 14.92 million (2004 est.)
Armenia 1.4 million (2001)
Aruba 41,500 (1997 est.)
Australia 10.19 million (2004 est.)
Austria 3.425 million (2004 est.)
Azerbaijan 4.99 million (2004 est.)
Bahamas, The 156,000 (1999)
Bahrain 350,000
note: 44% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (2004 est.)
Bangladesh 64.02 million
note: extensive export of labor to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Oman, Qatar, and Malaysia; workers' remittances estimated at $1.71 billion in 1998-99 (2004 est.)
Barbados 128,500 (2001 est.)
Belarus 4.8 million (2000 est.)
Belgium 4.73 million (2004 est.)
Belize 90,000
note: shortage of skilled labor and all types of technical personnel (2001 est.)
Benin NA (1996)
Bermuda 37,470 (2000)
Bhutan NA
note: massive lack of skilled labor (1997 est.)
Bolivia 4.1 million (2004 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.026 million (2001)
Botswana 264,000 formal sector employees (2000)
Brazil 82.59 million (2004 est.)
British Virgin Islands 4,911 (1980)
Brunei 143,400
note: includes foreign workers and military personnel; temporary residents make up about 40% of labor force (1999 est.)
Bulgaria 3.333 million (2004 est.)
Burkina Faso 5 million
note: a large part of the male labor force migrates annually to neighboring countries for seasonal employment (2003)
Burma 22.14 million (2004 est.)
Burundi 2.99 million (2002)
Cambodia 7 million (2003 est.)
Cameroon 6.49 million NA (2004 est.)
Canada 17.04 million (2004 est.)
Cape Verde NA (1980)
Cayman Islands 19,820 (1995)
Central African Republic NA (2000 est.)
Chad NA (2002)
Chile 6 million (2004 est.)
China 778.1 million (2004 est.)
Christmas Island NA
Cocos (Keeling) Islands NA
Colombia 20.34 million (2004 est.)
Comoros 144,500 (1996 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 14.51 million (1993 est.)
Congo, Republic of the NA (2000 est.)
Cook Islands 8,000 (1996)
Costa Rica 1.758 million (2004 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire 6.64 million 68% agricultural (2004 est.)
Croatia 1.69 million (2004 est.)
Cuba 4.58 million
note: state sector 78%, non-state sector 22% (2004 est.)
Cyprus 330,000 Greek Cypriot area: 306,000; Turkish Cypriot area: 95,025 (2004 est.)
Czech Republic 5.25 million (2004 est.)
Denmark 2.863 million (2004 est.)
Djibouti 282,000 (2000)
Dominica 25,000 (1999 est.)
Dominican Republic 2.3 million - 2.6 million (2000 est.)
East Timor NA
Ecuador 4.36 million (urban) (2004 est.)
Egypt 20.19 million (2004 est.)
El Salvador 2.62 million (2004 est.)
Equatorial Guinea NA (October 2000)
Eritrea NA (1999)
Estonia 654,000 (2004 est.)
Ethiopia NA (2001 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) 1,100 (est.)
Faroe Islands 24,250 (October 2000)
Fiji 137,000 (1999)
Finland 2.599 million (2004 est.)
France 27.39 million (2004 est.)
French Guiana 58,800 (1997)
French Polynesia 70,000 (1996)
Gabon 610,000 (2004 est.)
Gambia, The 400,000 (1996)
Gaza Strip NA (1997)
Georgia 2.1 million (2001 est.)
Germany 42.63 million (2004 est.)
Ghana 10 million (2004 est.)
Gibraltar 14,800 (including non-Gibraltar laborers) (1999)
Greece 4.39 million (2004 est.)
Greenland 24,500 (1999 est.)
Grenada 42,300 (1996)
Guadeloupe 125,900 (1997)
Guam 60,000 (2000 est.)
Guatemala 3.84 million (2004 est.)
Guernsey 31,320 (2000)
Guinea 3 million (1999)
Guinea-Bissau 480,000 (1999)
Guyana 418,000 (2001 est.)
Haiti 3.6 million
note: shortage of skilled labor, unskilled labor abundant (1995)
Holy See (Vatican City) NA
Honduras 2.41 million (2004 est.)
Hong Kong 3.5 million (2004 est.)
Hungary 4.164 million (2004 est.)
Iceland 160,000 (2004 est.)
India 472 million (2004 est.)
Indonesia 105.7 million (2004 est.)
Iran 22.32 million
note: shortage of skilled labor (2004 est.)
Iraq 7.8 million (2004 est.)
Ireland 1.871 million (2004 est.)
Israel 2.61 million (2004 est.)
Italy 24.15 million (2004 est.)
Jamaica 1.13 million (2004 est.)
Japan 66.66 million (2004 est.)
Jersey 57,050 (1996)
Jordan 1.36 million (2004 est.)
Kazakhstan 7.634 million (2004 est.)
Kenya 11.45 million (2004 est.)
Kiribati 7,870 economically active, not including subsistence farmers (2001 est.)
Korea, North 9.6 million
Korea, South 22.92 million (2004 est.)
Kuwait 1.38 million
note: non-Kuwaitis represent about 80% of the labor force. (2004 est.)
Kyrgyzstan 2.7 million (2000)
Laos 2.6 million (2001 est.)
Latvia 1.18 million (2004 est.)
Lebanon 1.5 million
note: in addition, there are as many as 1 million foreign workers (2001 est.)
Lesotho 838,000 (2000)
Libya 1.51 million (2004 est.)
Liechtenstein 29,000 of whom 19,000 are foreigners; 13,000 commute from Austria, Switzerland, and Germany to work each day (31 December 2001)
Lithuania 1.642 million (2004 est.)
Luxembourg 200,000 (of whom 87,400 are foreign cross-border workers primarily from France, Belgium, and Germany) (2004 est.)
Macau 214,000 (2002)
Macedonia 860,000 (2003 est.)
Madagascar 7.3 million (2000)
Malawi 4.5 million (2001 est.)
Malaysia 10.26 million (2004 est.)
Maldives 88,000 (2000)
Mali 3.93 million (2001 est.)
Malta 160,000 (2002 est.)
Man, Isle of 36,610 (1998)
Marshall Islands 28,700 (1996 est.)
Martinique 165,900 (1998)
Mauritania 786,000 (2001)
Mauritius 560,000 (2004 est.)
Mayotte 48,800 (2000)
Mexico 34.11 million (2004 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of NA (2000 est.)
Moldova 1.383 million (2004 est.)
Monaco 30,540 (January 1994)
Mongolia 1.4 million (2001)
Montserrat 4,521 ; note - lowered by flight of people from volcanic activity (2000 est.)
Morocco 10.84 million (2004 est.)
Mozambique 9.2 million (2000 est.)
Namibia 760,000 (2004 est.)
Nepal 10 million
note: severe lack of skilled labor (1996 est.)
Netherlands 7.46 million (2004 est.)
Netherlands Antilles 89,000 (2000)
New Caledonia 79,400 (including 15,018 unemployed, 1996)
New Zealand 2.008 million (2004 est.)
Nicaragua 1.91 million (2004 est.)
Niger 70,000 receive regular wages or salaries (2002 est.)
Nigeria 54.36 million (2004 est.)
Niue NA (1998 est.)
Norfolk Island NA
Northern Mariana Islands 6,006 total indigenous labor force; 2,699 unemployed; 28,717 foreign workers (June 1995)
Norway 2.38 million (2004 est.)
Oman 920,000 (2002 est.)
Pakistan 43.98 million
note: extensive export of labor, mostly to the Middle East, and use of child labor (2004 est.)
Palau 9,845 (2000)
Panama 1.19 million
note: shortage of skilled labor, but an oversupply of unskilled labor (2004 est.)
Papua New Guinea 3.25 million (2004 est.)
Paraguay 2.15 million (2004 est.)
Peru 8.63 million (2004 est.)
Philippines 34.56 million (2004 est.)
Pitcairn Islands 12 able-bodied men (1997)
Poland 16.92 million (2004 est.)
Portugal 5.409 million (2004 est.)
Puerto Rico 1.3 million (2000)
Qatar 140,000 (2004 est.)
Reunion 309,900 (2000)
Romania 9.28 million (2004 est.)
Russia 71.68 million (2004 est.)
Rwanda 4.6 million (2000)
Saint Helena 3,500
note: 1,200 work offshore (1998 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis 18,170 (June 1995)
Saint Lucia 43,800 (2001 est.)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 3,261 (1999)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 67,000 (1984 est.)
Samoa 90,000 (2000 est.)
San Marino 18,500 (1999)
Sao Tome and Principe NA
Saudi Arabia 6.43 million
note: more than 35% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (2004 est.)
Senegal 4.62 million NA (2004 est.)
Serbia and Montenegro 2.93 million (2004 est.)
Seychelles 30,900 (1996)
Sierra Leone 1.369 million (1981 est.)
Singapore 2.2 million (2004 est.)
Slovakia 2.58 million (2004 est.)
Slovenia 875,000 (2004 est.)
Solomon Islands 26,840 (1999)
Somalia 3.7 million (very few are skilled laborers)
South Africa 16.35 million economically active (2004 est.)
Spain 18.82 million (2004 est.)
Sri Lanka 7.17 million (2004 est.)
Sudan 11 million (1996 est.)
Suriname 100,000
Svalbard NA
Swaziland 383,200 (2000)
Sweden 4.449 million (2004 est.)
Switzerland 3.72 million (2004 est.)
Syria 4.97 million (2004 est.)
Taiwan 10.08 million (2004 est.)
Tajikistan 3.187 million (2000)
Tanzania 18.56 million (2004 est.)
Thailand 34.9 million (2004 est.)
Togo 1.74 million (1996)
Tokelau NA
Tonga 33,910 (1996)
Trinidad and Tobago 590,000 (2004 est.)
Tunisia 3.461 million
note: shortage of skilled labor (2004 est.)
Turkey 23.79 million
note: about 1.2 million Turks work abroad (2004 est.)
Turkmenistan 2.34 million (1996)
Turks and Caicos Islands 4,848 (1990 est.)
Tuvalu 7,000 (2001 est.)
Uganda 12.09 million (2004 est.)
Ukraine 21.29 million (2004 est.)
United Arab Emirates 2.16 million
note: 73.9% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (2004 est.)
United Kingdom 29.6 million (2004 est.)
United States 146.5 million (includes unemployed) (2004 est.)
Uruguay 1.56 million (2004 est.)
Uzbekistan 14.2 million (2004 est.)
Vanuatu NA
Venezuela 11.38 million (2004 est.)
Vietnam 45.74 million (2004 est.)
Virgin Islands 48,900 (2003 est.)
Wallis and Futuna NA
West Bank NA
Western Sahara 12,000
World NA
Yemen 5.79 million (2004 est.)
Zambia 4.59 million (2004 est.)
Zimbabwe 4.17 million (2004 est.)

This page was last updated on 30 November, 2004


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